There are many types of cholesterol. The ones talked about most are:
Total cholesterol - all the cholesterols combined High density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol - often called "good" cholesterol Low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol - often called "bad" cholesterol
For many people, abnormal cholesterol levels are partly due to an unhealthy lifestyle -- most commonly, eating a diet that is high in fat. Other lifestyle factors are:
Being overweight Heavy alcohol use Lack of exercise and leading an inactive lifestyle
Certain health problems may also result in high cholesterole, including:
Diabetes Underactive thyroid Pcos Kidney disease
Pregnancy along with other problems that increase amounts of female the body's hormones Medications for example certain oral contraceptives, diuretics (water pills), beta-blockers, plus some medications accustomed to treat depression could also raise levels of cholesterol.
Several disorders which are passed on through families result in abnormal cholesterol and triglyceride levels. They include:
Familial combined hyperlipidemia Familial dysbetalipoproteinemia Familial hypercholesterolemia Familial hypertriglyceridemia Smoking doesn't cause greater levels of cholesterol, however it can help to eliminate your High-density lipoprotein ("good") cholesterol.
Exams and Tests
A cholesterol test is performed to identify a fat disorder. Some recommendations recommend getting the first screening cholesterol test at 20. Everybody must have their first screening test by age 35 in males, and age 45 in females.
You should use your healthcare provider to create your cholesterol goals. General targets are: LDL: 70-130 mg/dL (lower amounts be more effective) High-density lipoprotein: greater than 40-60 mg/dL (high amounts be more effective) Total cholesterol: under 200 mg/dL (lower amounts be more effective) Triglycerides: 10-150 mg/dL (lower amounts be more effective)
In case your cholesterol answers are abnormal, your physician could also do: Bloodstream sugar (glucose) test to search for diabetes Kidney function tests Thyroid function tests to search for an underactive thyroid
You will find steps everybody may take to enhance their levels of cholesterol, which help prevent cardiovascular disease and cardiac arrest. Stop smoking. This is actually the best change you may make to take down chance of cardiovascular disease and stroke. Other important changes in lifestyle: Eat meals which are naturally lower in body fat. Included in this are whole grain products, fruits, and veggies. Use low-body fat toppings, sauces, and dressings. Take a look at food labels. Avoid meals which are full of saturated fats.
Get some exercise regularly Slim down if you're overweight See also: Cholesterol and lifestyle Your physician might want you to definitely take medicine for the cholesterol if changes in lifestyle fail to work. This can rely on:
How old you are Whether you've cardiovascular disease, diabetes, or any other bloodstream flow problems Regardless of whether you smoke or are overweight Regardless of whether you have high bloodstream pressure or diabetes You may need medicine to reduce your cholesterol: For those who have cardiovascular disease or diabetes, your Cholestrerol levels should stay below 100 If you're in danger of cardiovascular disease (even when you need to do not have heart disease), your Cholestrerol levels ought to be below 130
Almost everybody else could get health advantages from Cholestrerol levels that's less than 160 to 190 You will find several kinds of drugs to assist lower bloodstream levels of cholesterol, plus they work diversely. Statins is one type of drug that lower cholesterol levels.
High-cholesterol can result in solidifying from the arterial blood vessels, also known as coronary artery disease. This happens when body fat, cholesterol, along with other substances develop within the walls of arterial blood vessels and form hard structures known as plaques.